Indonesia NGO Stakeholder Submission for the UPR 

Universal Periodic Review of Indonesia 27th Session April/May 2017 Joint submission by a coalition of NGOs in Indonesia and the Sexual Rights Initiative to highlight human rights violations in Indonesia related to sexual and reproductive health and rights.


The lack of quality comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) and access to sexual and reproductive health services hampers young people’s abilities to make healthy decisions about their sexual lives. This negatively impacts young people’s health outcomes including: high prevalence of HIV and AIDS, early pregnancies, unsafe abortions, child marriages and sexual violence and exploitation as well as a lack of understanding and acceptance of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) persons. Overall the coalition considers these violations a result of generations of the absence of CSE. It should be noted that in the current national curriculum, information on sexual and reproductive health is taught in the biology subject and comprises only of the description of human reproductive organs, the conception and knowledge on sexually transmitted diseases.

There is an increase in number and severity of cases of child sexual violence and exploitation in Indonesia, while at the same time implementation of the laws and policies fail to protect children from sexual violence. Furthermore law enforcers do not fully understand the root causes of child sexual violence and the impact it has on children. Therefore, effective measures for prevention are yet to be taken, including providing CSE, which promotes respect for men and women equally.

The lack of state protection was apparent when the existence and position of LGBT persons became a topic of heated public controversy in early 2016. Comments from several public officials lead to outburst and actions towards LGBT groups and resulted in deprivations of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights that should also be enjoyed by LGBT individuals according to the Constitution. There seems to be a lack of understanding on human rights in general and on LGBT rights as a part of human rights. The omission of information on sexual orientation and gender identity in the current reproductive health education results in a lack of understanding of sexual diversity in the society at large, which in turn allows for religious and cultural interpretations that are in contradiction to human rights perspectives. In this respect, the Yogyakarta Principles are a fundamental tool for inclusion of the diversity perspective in the public policies that have to be taken into account in education.

Access the full report here

Additional Info

  • Topics Article: Accountability, Adolescents and Youth, Human Rights Instruments, Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights
  • Regions Article: Indonesia

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